The Meratus mountains stride through the center of the province,
effectively dividing South Kalimantan into two distinct regions.
the eastern part of the province is mountainous and lush with dense
tropical rain forests and is home to the "Orang Gunung"
or Mountain People. Collectively called Dayak, they form the minority
of the region's population.
The southern section of the province, however, is much flatter
and is characterized by large and powerful rivers, meandering through
lowlands and depositing enormous of silt, at vast mangrove swamps
all along the coast helping to make South Kalimantan an exceptionally
fertile land. Many villages and settlements hove been built along
these rivers, particularly the Barito river, by the indigenous majority,
South Kalimantan is full of colourful and distinctive traditional
arts and cultures which can be seen in its people's ways of life,
art, dance, music, ancestral dress, games and ceremonies. Exquisite
traditional and commercial handicrafts are all made from local raw
materials which include a variety of precious and semiprecious stones,
gold, silver, brass, iron and a wide variety of wood including bamboo
and rattan. South Kalimantan, is one of the largest wood producers
in Indonesia. Extensive forests with a wide variety of trees such
as iron wood, meranti, pinus and rubber have helped to make the
province a unique and rich natural resource.
The provincial capital, Banjarmasin, lies a short distance from
the mouth of the Barito River. The rivers are literally the lile-blood
of the city and everything revolves around They support hundreds
of boats of all descriptions and are lined with tightly packed stilt
houses. A lot of business is done on the waterways; floating markets
flourish selling an enormous variety of goods including a tropical
selection of fresh fruit such as Kesturi, a rare aromatic species
of mango, durian, rambutan, butter fruit, pineapple, watermelon
South Kalimantan is well connected with cities all over the Indonesian
Archipelago through Syamsuddin Noor airport which is about 25 km
from Banjarmasin. This busy airport is able to cater to DC-9's allowing
Merpati Nusantara, Bouraq, Sempati and Dirgantara Air to service
About 66 are routine flights per day. South Kalimantan can also
be reached through seaport of Trisakti and Banjarmasin harbour.
To towns in Kalimantan there are plenty of good rodas. If waterways
are preferable, go by boat along large rivers which to almost every
- South Kalimantan Places of Interest